Somalia’s tumultuous 60-year journey after independence

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Somalia's tumultuous 60-year journey after independence

After the brutal Barre military dictatorship was overthrown in 1991, the northwestern region of Somaliland immediately declared independence

Somalilandsun: Somalia’s road from colonization to independence and, later, to civil war, is a long one. Somalia was colonized by European powers in the 19th century. Britain and Italy established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland in 1884 and 1889, respectively. These two Somali lands eventually united and gained independence on July 1, 1960.

Since gaining independence on July 1, 1960, Somalia has faced civil war, clan conflict, secessions, and al-Shabab. The road to self-sufficiency for Africa’s most culturally-homogeneous country is full of hurdles.

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