Somaliland:Create Jobs for Youths to Deter Illegal Migration

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Thousands of Somaliland youths graduate annually only to find scarce job opportunities
Somalilandsun -Why do  Somali youths put their lives at risk to illegally immigrate to  Europe via Libya or Egypt? One of the answers to this question is: to avail themselves of opportunities in Western Europe about which their acquaintances and relatives brag in their Facebook exchanges. 
The distance between Hargeisa  and Western Europe has not decreased or increased but the the communication means  for the Somalis in the homeland (daljoog) those is the diaspora ( qurbejoog )   has partly created   the perception  that illegal immigration  to Europe is the only and easiest way to escape long-term unemployment in Somalia and Somaliland. Added to this pressure is the annual bash for the Somaliland diaspora held in Hargeisa,  which subtly advertises modest achievements of Somali-born European citizens.
Parents and relatives of  who mourned death of Somali youths when an overcrowded boat sunk in the Mediterranean Sea highlight  institutionalfailures that force  youths to attempt to a strike a balance between the well-known risks involved in travelling to Libya or Egypt to pay heartless human traffickers and the possibility of unemployment after graduation. 
In a Friday sermon in a Hargeisa mosque  Sheikh Adan Siiro faulted employment policies that favour  least qualified job applicants over most qualified applicants. The Civil Service  system  in Somaliland has evolved  over the last two decades. Grades have been introduced but the perception that favouratism   is the core problem that predisposes youths to  embark on risky immigration is gaining ground. Resources  committed to creating public and private sector  jobs for youths  will bear fruits only if   Somaliland government and private sector leaders beef up employmentprocedures from advertising jobs  to shortlistingapplicants for  job interviews.
Higher education institutions  have mushroomed in Somaliland. Universities in Hargeisa,  Bura’o, Borama and Las Anod graduate thousands  of youths annually and in the process glut the labour market with job seekers  whose skills do not match skills needed by potential employers. 
Twenty years ago Somaliland began to recover from intra-clan war. The period between 1996 and 2006 was a decade of reconstruction and institution-building spearheaded by returnees from refugee camps in Ethiopia and people displaced by the civil war in southern Somalia. From July 2010, when the incumbent Somaliand government took office, international partners of Somaliland invested in  Small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs ) through Somaliland Business Fund, and in human development projects through Somaliland Development Fund. Before Somaliland government secured what the International Crisis Group calls special funding status people had begun to pay taxes to support efforts by political leaders to create a political order. It is time Somaliland political elites, business leaders and higher education sector owners returned the favour by dissuading youths from deadly immigration to Europe. Their intervention could range from internships, career advice, creating jobs that match skills of graduates as well as the introduction of vocational courses geared towards productive sectors of the economy. 
 
Liban Ahmad 

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