Somaliland: Digitalization of Currency


Somalilandsun – I am absolutely against the transfer power of instrument in the country such as (the currency) to private oriented business companies which are scandle to the standard of banking system. Having said that, I am going-back on 31st January 1995 when Somliland has issued Somaliland shilling and accepted it as a legel tender in Somaliland. Since that central bank provides exchange rate service from that date. Althought, In 2000 the official exchange rate of the Somaliland central bank was 4,550 shilling for 1 US dollar. Later in December 2008, the official rate had risen to 7,500 shilling per US dollar and from that date the value of currency has been flactuating.

As we all aware of, in 2002 Somaliland telecom companies established and were given licience to operate in Somaliland within objective based to provide and supply the local market with GSM, Mobile service, fixed line and internet service. To day, these telecom companies are currently busy on new system of electronic digital transaction in the country which is not a valid tender in some part of Somaliland, especially in East, South Sanag, Sool and Ayn region of Somaliland. As result of lack community accepance and willingness to use and trust it. In addition to that, the coverage of these companies they operate their business entities is limited. Another set back ermerged last week by Wikileaks disclosured and disseminated information concerned about Somaliland telecommunication are involved a survellience program towards tendency security issues. And this it may harzardos adversely affect the trustship to use it both means of communication and as a bank with respect to sharing information into third party.

In the worest scenerio, I have experienced that the govertment digitilization policy of Somaliland shilling invest part of large inflation rate exhibits a depreciation value of shilling as its purchasing power increases relative to dollar which associated increased money supply which inevitably causes inflation rather than to decrease the rate of inflation.

As the article 3 of the 1994 Law stated that the principal objectives of the Bank of Somaliland as being: “… fostering monetary stability, maintaining the internal and external value of the Somali shilling, and promoting credit and exchange conditions conductive to the balanced growth of the economy of the Republic, and within the limits of its powers, it shall contribute to the financial and economic policies of the State”

In my conclusion, If the central bank’s policy to wards digitilization Somaliland shillings go ahead as the planned to transfering private business sector. It means that central bank is an able to provide services and state of defaulted its own obiligation to control monetary policy.

I personelly believe the only open option which the government could overcame this inflation is to create a wise austerity measure by reducing unnecessary government expenditures and restore back to it’s obiligation and regulate the country’s central bank.

I have the below questions to be answered:-

· The dilemma, I have concern is at what extent do merchandises has to convert X amount of dollars into shillings? Or at what limit them not to overdue theses private companies into digital transactions?

Adam Ahmed · At what role do the central bank paly to monitor the private sector not to publish own fake figure of digital money?


Adam Ahmed Adam


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