By Mohamed Mohamoud Muse
Candidate of Master Degree in International Relations & Diplomacy, Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Hargeisa
21st January 2015
The fall of nationalism in Somalia is often called many farsighters that it’s associated with a rising of self-awareness intererst of locals whereby the cultural identity has total disintegrated in the country.
May I say that a revival in foreign languages has increased the interest and shrinked almost the Somalia traditional comportments, and one way or the other diverted the cultural symbols which ultimately boosted a sense of regional belonging to the recent decades. In particular, the fall of the Somali national principles and support from foreigners to delegate the people has been associated with dreadful conditions in national feeling readily available in the country. As we put it back in the past 1960s – 1980s, although the long-term cost-effective time greatly and independently had shaked. However, the Somalis really were ejoyed the past independent for political or cultural reasons. But due to the national pride the cost effetive time had without a solution turned down.
The incombatible politics between the leaders had made the country more teregedy which had made too danger to the parasites along with so-called democracy which also made the political pressure in the country and smoothly progressed those international community to make Somalia a football ground and for them to intervene in all cases of gross including so-called the human rights violations. No doubt that Somalia could have been effective and legitimate with good security forces and steadily there could have been a liberal democracy that must cover the entire spectrum of the country, maximum, intermediate and minimum. While at the same time to be standardize the levels of force to the problem at hand or iIn other words, intervening states to be obliged to use resourceful force.
In Somalia, a unified of disparate people at national and local levels to promote cohesion in the conflict-affected and fragile states of Somalia is must to be an important first with elusive aspects of statebuilding and peacebuilding. But matter alwasy lies on the legitimate political order which extremely needs to be based on actually agreement about the boundaries of the political community in the country, national priorities and collective identity is the most in the country. A shared over-arching identity preserves the attention of ethnic and sectarian identities that have became the source of divisions in violent conflict and now needs to be tackle on true face then would lead the our sense of nationhood.
According to DFID, a nation implies a shared sense of political community and elements of identity. Nation-building also is the construction of a shared sense of identity and common destiny so as to overcome ethnic, sectarian or religious differences and counter alternative allegiances.
Why intar-ethnic does not call for our sense of nationhood. So many sometimes the use of undesired amount of force to centralize challenge of the non-progressing democracy which so many other hands intervening for always led to call a war‐torn country because of how do they cope with the task of using their force both decisively and cautiously, how do they often use force differently (transferred idea based on foreign policy) to the country’s politics, people, and the place, and how should they be use force (money to fight the economy) to try bring a liberal democracy in the country which the people have no idea on how it works because of they had grew with guns in their hands and no experience on how to manage the liberal democracy.
In real life, conflicts change the lives of the people in and out manner where an all right thing turns into wrong things. People come up with personal sense of injustice and a desire for revenge which consequently leave a level of human deprave in order to cause maximum damage and pain on the adversary. The Somali nation in general, therefore, would need to re learn the basics, the very set of rights and wrongs (i.e. that killing). In the real life, the law and order does not mean to capture and incarceration, it means the balanced and the fair application of the law to service the people not the politicians and powerful people and it means that all the people in the country has equal in the eyes of the law while price and price fit the crimes.
In modern armed conflicts, Somalia was affected most by the violence. Caught in the midst of conflict, or even as an actual target of attacks, Somalia has become the vulnerable victim that suffers serious destruction, which also has horrible long-term effects. In current stage rebuilding Somali society and its institutions following wars, the involvement of women is indispensable. As a result, peace manoeuvre must integrate a gender perspective into their activities on the strategic, conceptual, and operational levels. So, this short article raises awareness of the gender perspective in the work of Somalia peace and prepares its people to carry out gender-sensitive activities in the peace building space .
Many Intellectuals believe that foreign intervention raising the insecurity that exist in Somalia while this mal-administration is considered to perpetuate by the international support that emphasizes the differences and approach to reinstituting the Somalia statehood. Challenging interests of different local, regional, and international actors have always worked against legitimate efforts to rebuild the nation however; these facts alone do not absolve power of authority. This is where the problem of top-down international policy lies and prefers to concentrate all support for institution-building projects in a Somalia which seems that does not normally work in post-conflict environment. The issue of cash aid make the country lawlessness and unaccountability in the current policy is encouraging to slash the country’s policies and procedures.