Somalilandsun – By definition social classes Is a status hierarchy in which individuals and groups are classified on the basis of esteem and prestige acquired mainly through economic success and accumulation of wealth. Social class may also refer to any particular level in such a hierarchy. The three common social classes informally recognized in many societies are: (1) Upper class, (2) Middle class, (3) and the Lower class.
The upper class is the social class composed of those who are rich, well-born, or both. They usually wield the greatest political power. In some countries, wealth alone is sufficient to allow entry into the upper class. In others, only people who are born or marry into certain aristocratic bloodlines are considered members of the upper class, and those who gain great wealth through commercial activity are looked down upon by the “old rich” as nouveau riche. In the United Kingdom, for example, the upper classes are the aristocracy and royalty, with wealth playing a less important role in class status.
The middle class is the most contested of the three categories, the broad group of people in contemporary society who fall socio-economically between the lower and upper classes. One example of the contest of this term is that in the United States “middle class” is applied very broadly and includes people who would elsewhere be considered working class. Middle class workers are sometimes called “white-collar workers”.
Lower class (occasionally described as working class) is those employed in low-paying wage jobs with very little economic security. The term “lower class” also refers to persons with low income.
Any observer of Somaliland society would quickly note that there are large variations in wealth, material possessions, power and authority, and prestige in our society. They would also note differences in access to education, healthcare and jobs. One child in ten lives in poverty in major Somaliland cities. Taken together these differences in resources and outcomes are thought of as the basis of inequality. What is the source of this inequality? Some say it is the result of an unequal distribution of resources, power and authority.
In Somaliland there is no doubt that society become classes and a person’s social class has a significant impact on their educational opportunities. Not only are upper-class parents able to send their children to exclusive schools, and universities that are perceived to be better, but in many places in Somaliland state-supported schools for children of the upper class are of a much higher quality than those the state provides for children of the lower classes. This lack of good schools is one factor that perpetuates the class divide across Somaliland’s generations.
A person’s social class in Somaliland has a significant impact on their physical health, their ability to receive adequate medical care and nutrition, and their life expectancy. Somaliland’s Lower-class people experience a wide array of health problems as a result of their economic status. They are unable to get health care as often, and when they do it is of lower quality, even though they generally tend to experience a much higher rate of health issues. Lower-class families have higher rates of infant mortality, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and disabling physical injuries. Additionally, poor people tend to work in much more hazardous conditions, yet generally have no much access health care provided for them, as compared to middle and upper class workers which can easily get a health care in the country and abroad because of their financial capability.
The conditions at a person’s job in Somaliland vary greatly depending on class. Those in the upper-middle class and middle class can easily get a job even if he isn’t have any qualification and enjoy greater freedoms in their occupations which caused many lower class graduated students to risk their lives in order to take adventure to reach Europe so as to get better life, . They are usually more respected, enjoy more diversity, and are able to exhibit some authority. Those in lower classes tend to feel more alienated and have lower work satisfaction overall.
So the main objective that a society built a nation is that every member of society must have equal access any service that the government provides such as education, healthcare and jobs, but in Somaliland there is no an equal distribution of resources, power and authority among society which resulted that the rich become richer while the poor become poorer as late poet Abdilahi Suldan Timacade said” tisciin gaajo laysey baa jiree bay toban dhargaysaa”
Finally the gap between classes in Somaliland society is increasing day by day and this is really a treat to our stability and our country, so the government must act quickly to help those who can’t get access to the basic needs such as healthcare, jobs and education.
By Saed Abdirisak Adan Gabas